Valium - Information, how to use, dosage, review
Valium is the safest antianxiety product from the group of benzodiazepine. It contains the active ingredient diazepam which has been approved by FDA.
WHO has added Valium to the list of the most important medicines which should be in the world health system. The positive characteristics of Valium are conditioned by the special pharmacological action of diazepam.
Valium is not only antianxiety product. This medicine provides a sedative, soporific, and anticonvulsive action. Using the medicine improves memory and restores some parts of memory during amnesia.
Diazepam has a broad spectrum action to the central nervous system, and therefore it is prescribed for different pathologies which cause nervous mental disorders.
Usage of Valium
Valium is prescribed patient with nervous mental disorders which are accompanied by anxiety, insomnia, schizophrenia, appearance of phobia and fears, increases irritability and other symptoms.
Valium can be also used for the treatment of the organic diseases of the central nervous system, convulsive attacks, withdrawal state during alcoholism.
How and in what dose is Valium used?
Valium is released in the tablets:
- 2 mg
- 5 mg
- 10 mg
- 15 mg
The tablets are used several times per day because the period of action of Diazepam is short, for just 4-6 hours. The tablets of Valium are entirely swallowed and taken with water.
Time of the use and consumed food do not influence on the therapeutic characteristics of the active ingredients.
The dose of Valium is adjusted on the basis of the medical image of a patient.
- One tablet of Valium 5-10 mg 2-3 per day is recommended to treat nervous mental disorders.
- The maximal daily dose is 60 mg (2 tablets of Valium 10 mg 3 times per day) for the treatment of the mental disorders
- Treating and preventing cardiovascular system diseases (tachycardia, arrhythmia, arterial hypertension) one tablet of Valium 2-5 mg 3 times per day is recommended
- To treat neurological diseases, one tablet of Valium 5-10 mg 3 times per day is recommended
In the process of the treatment, the dose can be adjusted to achieve the optimal therapeutic effect and improve tolerance of diazepam.
Valium can be used in pediatrics but the dosage regimen for children completely differs. The dose is selected individually for every medical case.
Recommendations for the use
The image of the peripheral blood and hepatic enzymes should be controlled during renal/hepatic failures and prolonged treatment
A consumption of alcohol and product containing ethanol are strictly prohibited during the use of Valium
Senior patients are recommended to take Valium from the minimal dose of 2 mg 2 times per day and to increase the dose up to the optimal safe level
Valium is not prescribed during pregnancy because it enhances a risk of birth defects in fetus
The treatment must be stopped or the daily dose of Valium is lowered in case of the intense side effects such as agitation, suicidal tendencies, increased muscle spasms, and severe nervous excitement
The use of Valium in high doses (not more than 30 mg per day) within a long time can cause a development of the medical addiction. If the patient feels the addiction, see a doctor and lower the daily dose right away.
The use of Valium needs a gradual termination. Many patients stop using medicine at once, so that the side effects and the withdrawal symptoms appear
During the treatment, it is necessary to follow caution during performing potentially dangerous activity which requires coordination, high attention, and quick psychomotor reactions.