People suffering from sleep disorders, such as narcolepsy, SWSD and OSA, are often prescribed with nootropic drugs. Since Modafinil and Adderall are among the most popular medications to treat these disorders, patients often wonder which of them is better. At the same time, one should remember that different nootropic drugs may have various effects on individuals, which depend on particular physiological conditions.

What’s the Difference?

Both medications have similar effects and characteristics, which result in wakefulness, better focus and attention span. They are also approved by the FDA for the treatment of narcolepsy. When it comes to ADHD, both drugs are prescribed, although only Adderall is officially approved by the FDA for this aim.

What Is Modafinil?

Modafinil is a wakefulness-promoting agent used for treating a number of sleeping disorders. It belongs to Schedule IV substances. The medication is often prescribed for some other conditions not listed in the medication guide. It’s still unknown how the drug works; it’s only clear it changes natural brain transmitters, which are responsible for sleep and wake cycles.

Modafinil is considered to be one of the most popular eugeroic psychostimulants to treat excessive sleepiness during daytime. The medication affects brain chemicals directly. According to a number of studies, Modafinil stimulates glutamine, histamine, noradrenalin and GABA transmitters in a human’s brain. This stimulation leads to alertness, improved motivation, better productivity, stronger focus and good mood.

Modafinil has fewer side effects if compared to Adderall. The medication stimulates the user’s brain but does it in a subtle way. It produces fewer jolting effects on a human’s body, at the same time providing it with clean energy for a long period of time. Modafinil is considered to be the best nootropic agent for improving focus. The drug is less addictive, but still it’s possible in some cases. Patients usually experience the following side effects:

  • Nervousness;
  • Anxiety;
  • Nausea;
  • Headache.

What Is Adderall?

Adderall is another prescription medication, used to treat excessive sleepiness during daytime. It belongs to Schedule II drugs, which means it has a high addiction potential. Many doctors often prescribe the drug in case of ADHD. Taking Adderall can also increase focus, concentration, improve attention and even behavior.

It is one more popular psychostimulant, prescribed to treat sleep disorders. The remedy directly affects such brain neurotransmitters as norepinephrine and dopamine. Moreover, it helps trigger the release of histamine and serotonin. If a patient with ADHD gets a drug prescription, he/she will have better focus and improved attention span. If you take Adderall, but do not suffer from such a condition, the medication will stimulate your body, mind and cognitive abilities.

If compared to Modafinil, Adderall is more habit-forming and may include the following side effects:

  • Restlessness;
  • Nervousness;
  • Dizziness;
  • Hallucinations.

Which One Is More Addictive?

Like any other drug, which affects neurotransmitters, addiction is also possible with these two medications. In fact, Adderal is more addictive than Modafinil. Adderall is known to be an amphetamine and a very strong stimulant of the central nervous system. Taking the medicine will increase dopamine to unnatural levels.