Metformin – Best Drug to Treat Diabetes

Metformin is an oral diabetes drug, which helps control blood sugar levels. It’s prescribed to improve blood sugar in those, who suffer from diabetes type 2. It’s often indicated in the combination with insulin and other drugs. The medicine is not used to treat type 1 diabetes. Metformin can be also prescribed for purposes, not mentioned here.

Patient Safety Information

Before you start treatment with the drug, tell your healthcare specialist about the following conditions:

  • Severe kidney problems;
  • You currently have diabetic ketoacidosis;
  • Liver problems;
  • Heart problems;
  • Recent heart attack;
  • You are over 80 years old.

A number of people who take Metformin face a serious health condition – lactic acidosis. It’s more likely to happen if you suffer from congestive heart failure, kidney disease, serious infections or even when you are dehydrated or like drinking alcohol.

It’s still unknown whether the drug is harmful to the fetus. Certainly tell your healthcare specialist about being pregnant while taking the medicine. It’s also not clear if Metformin can harm a nursing baby.

Usage Recommendations

The drug should be taken the way your pharmacist has prescribed. Carefully read all the recommendations on your prescription label. Your healthcare specialist may change the dose according to your current health condition. Do not increase or reduce the recommended dose.

Metformin should be taken with a meal. Some forms of the drug are consumed with evening meal. Do not crush, break or chew an extended-release tablet. It’s recommended to check your blood sugar levels periodically during the period of treatment. Your pharmacist may start with a very low dose and increase it gradually. Metformin is only a small part of a big treatment against diabetes, which includes weight loss, exercise, diet, and special medical care.

Side Effects

Common side effects include:

  • Bloating;
  • Heartburn;
  • Nail changes;
  • Headache;
  • Constipation;
  • Gas;
  • Muscle pain;
  • Indigestion;
  • Lightheadedness;
  • Numbness;
  • Skin flushing.

Serious side effects are the following:

  • Rash;
  • Swollen face, lips, throat, tongue;
  • Chest pain.

If you overdose the medicine, you’d better seek immediate medical attention. The symptoms of overdose are the following: tiredness, nausea, breath shortness, dizziness, vomiting, skin flushing, fast/slow heartbeat, stomach pain.

Metformin & PCOS

The drug is often indicated to treat polycystic ovarian syndrome. However, this usage of Metformin hasn’t yet been approved by the Federal Drug Administration. If you want to take the medication with this purpose, it’s recommended to talk to your doctor first. PCOS is associated with high levels of testosterone. The medicine can help restore normal menstruation and improve bowel movements, which results in weight loss in women, suffering from PCOS. Moreover, it can reduce the chances of getting miscarriage and improve the results of IVF.