Why People Decide to Take Citalopram

Citalopram is a well-known medication taken by many people to treat depression. Basically, it works by improving their energy levels and overall feeling of well-being. This medicine belongs to a group of drugs called SSRIs, and its basic function is helping users restore the right balance of serotonin in the brain. Citalopram is also prescribed by doctors to treat such medical conditions as panic disorder, hot flashes and so on.

Basic Instructions on How to Use It

It’s necessary to take Citalopram by mouth, usually only once a day, either with or without food. Regular doses are always determined by physicians based on specific medical conditions, lab tests, individual response and other factors that matter. The maximum allowed daily dosage is 40 mg, and it’s not allowed to adjust it without consulting doctors because patients are at risk of developing such unwanted symptoms as sleep changes, mood swings, tiredness, headaches and others. That’s why their doses should be decreased gradually.

List of Rare and Common Side Effects

Like all other meds, Citalopram is responsible for causing certain side effects, such as:

  • Dry mouth and nausea;
  • Loss of appetite and yawning;
  • Blurred vision and sweating;
  • Drowsiness and tiredness.

The good news is that most of those patients who take this medication don’t feel any discomfort at all. In rare cases, they may develop serious adverse reactions, including:

  • Changes in their sexual ability;
  • Shaking and irregular heartbeats;
  • Easy bleeding and bruising;
  • Black stools and fainting;
  • Seizures and severe vomiting.

You need to get emergency medical help when you notice the following dangerous symptoms:

  • Loss of coordination;
  • Severe vomiting and nausea;
  • Hallucinations;
  • Unexplained fever;
  • Twitching muscles;
  • Unusual restlessness;
  • Allergic reactions.

Most Important Citalopram Precautions

Before you start taking this medication, it’s advisable to tell your doctors about possible allergies that you have. Besides, you need to inform them about other medical conditions that you have, including suicide attempts, seizures, manic-depressive or bipolar disorders, low sodium blood levels, liver and kidney problems, stomach bleeding or ulcers, bleeding conditions, heart diseases and so on. Keep in mind that the use of Citalopram can lead to blurred vision and dizziness, so you shouldn’t drive and do other things that require your full attention. Different alcoholic beverages should be avoided to be on a safe side, too. Older and minor patients can be more sensitive to possible side effects, especially when it comes to loss of coordination and bleeding. Pregnant and nursing women should be careful with the use of Citalopram because of possible health risks.

Dangerous Drug Interactions

There are certain medications that shouldn’t be taken together with Citalopram because of possible drug interactions. That’s because they may change its action and result in unwanted adverse effects. For example, some pharmaceutical products that may potentially interact with it include other meds that may lead to bruising and bleeding, blood thinners, aspirin, MAO inhibitors, street drugs, specific antidepressants, antihistamines, alcohol, pills for anxiety and sleeping, muscle relaxants, pain killers and some others. That’s why all patients always need to show their doctors the list of all other pills that they’re taking to avoid increased risk of having unwanted drug interactions and get the most out of their treatment.