Cipro is a universal antibiotic which is used for the treatment of the infectious processes of the different severity. It contains the active ingredient Ciprofloxacin.
The main peculiarity of this antibiotic is the use in cases when the originators of the infection have a resistance to the action of penicillin, tetracycline, cephalosporin antibiotics.
Ciprofloxacin penetrates well into the cells and tissues (including the cells of bacteria and microorganisms) and has good pharmacological characteristics. Cipro shows a bactericidal action as to pathogenic microorganisms.
The mechanism of action is conditioned by the ability to inhibit DNA gyrase (an enzyme of the bacterial cells) with a disorder of the DNA synthesis, and growth of microorganisms.
Most microorganisms have a weak resistance to Cipro, however it may be not enough in the treatment of the mixed anaerobic and aerobic infections. The most effective therapy will be in combination with Metronidazole.
Directions for the use
The directions for the use of the antibiotic Cipro are: respiratory tract infections, infections of skin and soft tissues, bones and joints, gastrointestinal tract, including infections caused by salmonella; gonococcal infections, inflammation of the meninges, postoperative infectious complications, sepsis and so on.
Cipro can be used by patients with immunodeficiency because it inhibits a useful microflora in a small degree and does not influence on the biological protective characteristics of the human.
Dosage of Cipro
The daily dose of Cipro varies from 500 mg to 1500 mg depending on the age of a patient, severity and site of the infection. The daily dose of Cipro is divided into 2 parts and taken with interval of 12 hours. Every tablet of Cipro is taken with a full glass of water to improve the uptake of the active ingredients from the stomach.
The treatment is continued within 3 days after the complete arrest of the symptoms of the infectious disease. Usually, the antimicrobial course lasts for 7 to 15 days. After the end of the treatment, it is necessary to have laboratory tests of the blood and urine, and make sure in killing of the morbific microorganisms. Patients with kidney diseases need to adjust the dose or scheme of the treatment.
There are no specific symptoms during the overdose with Ciprofloxacin. A patient is prescribed stomach lavage, emetic drugs, acidic urine, and a lot of liquid.
If you take the antibiotic Cipro, you should be ready for the appearance of the side effects in the first 2-3 days of the treatment. The side effects often appear in patients with high sensitivity to ciprofloxacin and senior patients.
The side effects are: high fatigue, dizziness, tremor, mental excitement, flatulency, and stomachache.
The side effects related to the use of the antibiotic are not dangerous and pass without the treatment. The exception is an allergic reaction. If severe allergic reaction occurs, the treatment should be stopped, and consult a doctor. Allergy may happen because of the intolerance of ciprofloxacin.